Among the objectives of the United Nations, the SDGs, to be reached by 2030, the number 5 deals with gender differences. By this deadline, the 193 UN countries have set themselves the goal of achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls
About two thirds of countries in the developing regions have achieved gender parity in primary education
In Southern Asia, only 74 girls were enrolled in primary school for every 100 boys in 1990. By 2012, the enrolment ratios were the same for girls as for boys.
But the work to be done is still great.
In sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and Western Asia, girls still face barriers to entering both primary and secondary school.
Women in Northern Africa hold less than one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector. The proportion of women in paid employment outside the agriculture sector has increased from 35 per cent in 1990 to 41 per cent in 2015
In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30 per cent of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.
The UN's goals for 2030 are ...
End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking, sexual and other types of exploitation
Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies
Ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decisionmaking in political, economic and public life
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
Much can be done and much is being done. Global Thinking Foundation, for example, together with Assiom Forex, the association of financial market operators, created Women Squared, where women with extensive experience in the financial sectors offer free financial education classes to women victims of domestic abuse.
All together, working towards gender equality, not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary condition for a prosperous, sustainable and peaceful world.